After the first communities in the United States enacted conservation laws more than a decade ago, the initiative has become a growing global movement. His efforts included amending the county`s bylaws, its mini-constitution, with a so-called nature rights provision. This provision would protect waterways such as the glassy Wekiva River from harmful pollution associated with toxic algal blooms fueled by fertilizer runoff from agriculture, septic tanks and poor rainwater management. “That`s one of the reasons we`re training lawyers and judges, because if we bring this big, historic case against someone like Chevron, they`re going to realize that nature has rights. I think we can do that. For Mari Margil, executive director of the Center for Democratic and Environmental Rights, this tension makes it important to change people`s beliefs about nature. “You can`t just pass a law and trust that the government will implement it properly,” she said. “The organization never stops. This is the case in any social justice movement, and the rights of nature are no exception. In Highland Township, Pennsylvania, CELDF also acts as legal counsel to a local watershed. The aim is to defend its right not to inject fracking waste into its ecosystem.
In 2019, Bangladesh`s Supreme Court ruled on a case of pollution and illegal development along the Turag River, an upper tributary of the Buriganga River. Among other things, the Supreme Court recognized the river as a living being with legal rights and further noted that the same would apply to all rivers in Bangladesh. The court ordered the National Commission for the Protection of Rivers to act as guardian of the Turag and other rivers.    First, it is argued that while inherent human rights flow from human existence, logically the inherent rights of the natural world also flow from the very existence of the natural world.  Human rights and related obligations to protect those rights have expanded over time.   In particular, the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) by the United Nations in 1948 formalized the recognition of broad categories of inalienable human rights. The authors of the UDHR expressed their conviction that the concept of fundamental human rights does not derive from “the decision of a secular power, but from the fact of existence”.  Human rights have evolved over the centuries, the most notable consequence being the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) by the United Nations in 1948. The key to the development of these rights lies in the concepts of natural rights and human rights arising from the very existence of humanity.  The first cases have now been brought and argued in Ecuador, where courts have upheld and upheld the constitutional rights of ecosystems. Following the adoption of the language of natural law in the 2009 Constitution, the Bolivian legislature adopted the Law on the Rights of Mother Earth, Law No.
071, in 2010. Bolivia followed this rough overview of the rights of nature with the Law of Mother Earth and Integral Development for a Good Life, Law of 2012.300, which contained some implementation details compatible with the rights of nature. It states, among other things, that “the violation of Mother Earth`s rights as part of a broader development for Good Living is a violation of public law and collective and individual rights.”  While this enforcement mechanism is a step forward, it has not yet reached the level of a specific enforcement mechanism.  Proponents of the rights of nature argue that just as human rights are increasingly recognized by law, the rights of nature should be recognized and incorporated into human ethics and laws.  This assertion is supported by two lines of argument: that the same ethic that justifies human rights also justifies the rights of nature, and that people`s own survival depends on healthy ecosystems.    The adoption of the UDHR in 1948 formalized the global recognition of broad categories of inalienable human rights.