What Are Mexico`s Immigration Laws

By 1835, American immigration had increased to 1,000 per month. Mexican President Santa Anna abolished the Mexican Constitution of 1824. His strict dictatorship led to tensions and eventually the outbreak of the Texas Revolution. The Republic of Texas declared independence from Mexico in 1836. [3] Mexico respects the sovereign right of the United States to carry out its immigration programs, but we have acted independently and within our sovereign right and will continue to do so as we determine our own migration policy. The survey found that only 2 percent of Mexicans considered immigration to be their country`s most important issue, and 55 percent said it was insecurity. Another 9% cited corruption, the same applies to unemployment, 7% cited the economy and 4% said that poverty, the same opinion, as political and social problems were Mexico`s main concerns. [19] Illegal immigration from Cuba via Cancun tripled between 2004 and 2006. [11] Mexico has a comprehensive immigration policy, regulated by the Migration Law and the General Population Law, among others, and affects both Mexicans and foreigners.

In addition, the alien has certain obligations, such as: (i) registration in the National Register of Aliens; (ii) notify the National Institute of Migration of any change in their immigration status (e.g. marital status, nationality, residential address, place of work) within 90 days of such change. Prior to May 2011, Mexico`s immigration policy was governed by the very strict General Population Law of 1970, which was presented in a hypocritical light compared to the immigration policies of US states such as Arizona or Alabama. 14 million In May 2011, Mexican President Felipe Calderón signed the new, much more liberal migration law. One chamber of the Mexican Congress unanimously passed the immigration law on February 24 and the other on April 29. Among the key principles of the new law were new rights for migrants. However, 55% believe that illegal immigrants should be deported to their country of origin. [19] The results refute the perception that Mexicans support the influx of Central Americans. Instead, the data results suggest that Mexicans are opposed to migrants passing through their country, a sentiment shared by many supporters of U.S. President Donald Trump. [19] The survey found that more than 6 in 10 Mexicans believe that migrants are a burden on their country because they accept jobs and benefits that should belong to Mexicans. [19] Illegal immigration to Mexico has occurred at various points in history, particularly in the 1830s and since the 1970s.

Although the number of deportations is down with 61,034 cases recorded in 2011, the Mexican government documented more than 200,000 illegal border crossings in 2004 and 2005. [ref. needed] The largest sources of illegal immigrants to Mexico are the poor Central American countries of Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras and El Salvador, as well as African countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Guinea, Ghana and Nigeria. The largest group of immigrants to Mexico comes from the United States, with 1.5 million, many of whom exceed their visas. [1] With the intention of the Mexican government to control migration flows and attract foreigners who can contribute to economic development, the new migration law simplifies the conditions of entry and stay of foreigners. First, the Act replaces the two broad immigration categories (immigrants and non-immigrants) with the “visitor” and “temporary residence” categories. The status of “permanent resident” is maintained. Both categories include more than 30 different types of foreigners [distinguished visitor, religious religious, etc.), each with its own rules and requirements to qualify for entry and residency. Under the new law, the requirements will be simplified by making a fundamental distinction between foreigners who are allowed to work and those who are not. The law also speeds up the application process for retirees and other foreigners.

For the granting of permanent residence, the law proposes the use of a points system based on factors such as level of education, professional experience and scientific and technological knowledge. [5] The modalities of the points system were set out in Articles 124 to 127 of the Law, published on 28 September 2012. On 25 May 2011, Mexico`s new immigration law was published in the Official Gazette of the Federation and entered into partial force on 26 May 2011. This new law introduces the concept of “status of residence” (Condición de Estancia), which refers to the status granted to a foreigner intending to reside in Mexico if the activities he carries out so permit, or to the status granted to an alien authorized to reside in Mexico on the basis of humanitarian criteria.