This report examines child marriage laws in 37 countries in the Asia-Pacific region and includes country profiles for each of these countries. The Philippines ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which set the minimum age for marriage at 18, and in 1981 the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), which obliges States to guarantee free and unrestricted consent to marriage. because the legal age of marriage for Filipino citizens is eighteen (18) years. However, a person to be married who is at least 18 years of age but under 21 years of age must obtain consent from his or her parents. For persons between the ages of 21 and 25, PARENTAL COUNSELLING must be provided. Two adult witnesses are required to accompany you both to the local clerk. Accepted officers include priests, rabbis, imams, ministers of registered churches or religious groups, consuls general, consuls and vice-consuls. Military commanders in the absence of a chaplain and ship captains and aircraft commanders may solemnize a marriage in articulo mortis. Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys. If the bride or groom is between the ages of 18 and 25, you must provide the local registrar with confirmation that you have completed the marriage council. If you do not follow marriage advice, your marriage certificate will not be issued for three months. To end child marriage, ongoing programmes and investments to support victims and lay the foundation for human rights in the Philippines will be key to ensuring that women and girls can thrive. According to the Family Code of 1988, the minimum legal age of marriage for girls and boys is 18 years.
For people under the age of 21, parental consent is required. In 2014 and 2018, the Philippines supported the UN General Assembly resolution on child, early and forced marriage. The facts presented to us suggest that a ceremonial marriage was celebrated by a U.S. Army chaplain in the Philippines on July 14, 1933. The bride, Elena M~, who is now claiming Social Security benefits as a surviving divorced wife, said at the time that she was 18 years and 2 months old. She gave her date of birth in May 1915. His date of birth was set for September 16, 1915; Therefore, she was only 17 years and 10 months old when she got married. Her husband, John M~, divorced in Japan on February 18, 1959. He died on September 21, 1971.
The applicant does not know or acknowledge that a divorce has taken place. “Child, early and forced marriage limit opportunities at all levels, including those that affect sexual and reproductive choices,” Jacob added. “This is why it is so important to have an adequate human rights-based legal framework to prevent child marriage and ensure accountability. With the passage of this new law, the Philippine government signals a legal change that formally recognizes the rights, dignity, and well-being of minors. If at least one of the spouses has not reached the general age of marriage, the marriage is considered a minor and may require parental consent and/or court approval. Young people can also marry in “extraordinary circumstances”. Although the country`s previous law recognized the legal age of marriage at 18, child marriage was widely practiced in some religions and cultures in the Philippines. The Center for Reproductive Rights supported the development of the new law, which makes child marriage a public crime and adds a number of penalties for violating the law, ranging from fines to 12 years in prison. If you are under the age of 18, you cannot marry in the Philippines, even if your parents agree to marry. You must be 18 years of age or older to legally marry a Filipino. Internal conflict and displacement: Displacement in the Bangsamoro region (most recent in 2015) has led to a number of cases of child marriage, with families in evacuation centres viewing the marriage of their daughters as an coping mechanism due to economic instability, fear of violence and a sense of preserving “family honour”.
During the Marawi siege crisis in 2017, a Plan International investigation found that early and forced marriage was a common form of violence against girls in evacuation areas and that many girls were forced to marry their attackers in cases of sexual violence. In recent years, the trend has been to lower the general age of marriage and raise the age of women to that of men. In 1971, about 80 percent of states had a general age of marriage of 18 for women, while for men, the general age of marriage was 21 in about 85 percent of states.  Individuals must be at least 21 years of age to marry in the Philippines without written parental consent. If your parents cannot appear with you before the local registrar, an affidavit with the signatures of two witnesses may be accepted. By examining sexual and gender-based violence in the aftermath of natural disasters in Asia, this research found that child marriage is one of the most prevalent forms of violence. People between the ages of 21 and 25 must.” Ask your parents or guardians for advice on the proposed marriage. If they do not receive such a notice or if it is unfavourable, the marriage certificate shall not be issued until three months after the publication of the corresponding application. The application for a marriage certificate shall be accompanied by an affidavit from the Contracting Parties attesting that such advice has been requested, as well as any written notice given. If the parents or guardians refuse to give advice, this will be stated in the affidavit. Delaware, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Rhode Island, New York and New Jersey do not allow underage marriage. Other states allow a minor to marry in the following circumstances: If you are a foreigner, bring your passport and a certificate of legal capacity to enter into marriage.
Under the laws of the Philippines, in force in 1933, a marriage between a man sixteen years of age or older and a woman fourteen years of age or older was valid. Parental consent was required if the man was under twenty and the woman was under eighteen.